What are the disadvantages of high population growth rate?
- As the population increases there will be more chances for the exploitation of natural resources.
- Low Per Capita Income.
- Low Quality of Life.
- Environmental Degradation and Others.
- The number of unproductive consumers is increasing.
- Unemployment / increased dependency.
What are the 5 effects of rapid population growth? The 5 effects of rapid population growth are increased economic growth of a country, growing demand for jobs, lack of housing and schools, lack of infrastructure leading to poor living, and increase in pollution and waste.
Causes. A reduction over time in a region's population can be caused by sudden adverse events such as outbursts of infectious disease, famine, and war or by long-term trends, for example, sub-replacement fertility, persistently low birth rates, high mortality rates, and continued emigration.
Progress in poverty reduction, greater equality, better nutrition, universal education, and health care, needs state support and strong civil society institutions.
Human population growth impacts the Earth system in a variety of ways, including: Increasing the extraction of resources from the environment. These resources include fossil fuels (oil, gas, and coal), minerals, trees, water, and wildlife, especially in the oceans.
The latest empirical research reveals the potential negative consequences of population growth for economic development into seven categories. Its impacts on economic growth, poverty and inequality, education, heath, food, the environment, and international migration.
They have not been able to find jobs in industries. The urban poor are either casual labourers or intermittently employed. They lack job security, or have limited skills. This is how the growing population without access to proper education, employment led to an increase in poverty.
Negative growth of a population occurs when the overall number of individuals within a population declines. This happens when those entering the population through birth or immigration don't sufficiently replace those leaving through emigration or death.
Population growth, along with increasing consumption, tends to increase emissions of climate-changing greenhouse gases. Rapid population growth worsens the impacts of climate change by straining resources and exposing more people to climate-related risks—especially in low-resource regions.
When demographers attempt to forecast changes in the size of a population, they typically focus on four main factors: fertility rates, mortality rates (life expectancy), the initial age profile of the population (whether it is relatively old or relatively young to begin with) and migration.
What are the challenges facing population growth?
Without taking action now, billions of people across the world will face thirst, hunger, slum conditions and conflict in response to droughts, food shortages, urban squalor, migration and ever depleting natural resources, while capacity tries to catch up with demand. And the projected growth in demand is staggering.
Rapid population growth makes it more difficult for low-income and lower-middle-income countries to afford the increase in public expenditures on a per capita basis that is needed to eradicate poverty, end hunger and malnutrition, and ensure universal access to health care, education and other essential services.
Some theoretical analyses argue that high population growth creates pressures on limited natural resources, reduces private and public capital formation, and diverts additions to capital resources to maintaining rather than increasing the stock of capital per worker.